The US online retail company is believed to be looking into areas including electronic medical records and remote diagnosis, also known as telemedicine.
This ties in with previous reports that Amazon is exploring the possibility of selling pharmaceuticals on its website and apps.
Amazon has branded the stealth team 1492 – a reference to the year Christopher Columbus first landed in the Americas.
Some members of the team have publicly acknowledged their affiliation with 1492 on professional social network LinkedIn, CNBC has reported.
Amazon is purportedly working on healthcare technology with a secretive team, dubbed 1492
The new team is believed to be exploring health applications for existing Amazon hardware, including the Echo smart speaker.
Echo and Echo Dot already boast a number number of health related skills.
Earlier this year, the British Red Cross launched a new Skill which enables Echo owners to quickly get access to step-by-step first aid advice.
The British Red Cross Skill lets Amazon Echo owners quickly access spoken first aid instructions
It is not clear whether Amazon also plans to build new hardware dedicated to healthcare.
Speaking to CNBC, one source with knowledge of the US company’s plans refused to rule out dedicated health devices from Amazon.
The 1492 team is also believed to be working on a way to pull and push data from legacy electronic medical record systems.
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The shopping firm is far from the only technology company exploring health for future innovation and growth.Google and Microsoft have both launched healthcare products in the past, including Google Health and HealthVault.
Apple already has a health ecosystem thanks to its Watch hardware and Health app on iOS.